Percentage of Earth population residing In urban areas rose from 3 to 50% between 1800 and 2008. By 2050 it’s anticipated it will grow to 70 percent. This accelerated expansion in urban population is particularly important in fast growing markets like India and China. It contributes to rise in energy intake and increases the inventory of greenhouse gases from the air.
Recognizing this critical problem, TERI Carried out a study titled’Estimating carbon footprint of urban household energy usage’ with a goal to develop a tool to estimate carbon emissions due to energy usage in the household sector. The instrument can be used by policy makers while generating energy strategies for urban locations.
The analysis was performed in two stages. The First stage of this analysis focused on creating the instrument that was made on the basis of present carbon footprint and environmental footprint calculators and altered to accommodate Indian Carbon Offset Calculator.
The footprinting techniques specifically The goal was to utilize the family footprints as an indicator of home-based energy intake patterns of metropolitan locations. These techniques were accommodated and a frame developed to appraise the CF of metropolitan household electricity usage.
The calculations contained greenhouse gas Emissions for the whole life cycle (creation, transport, and ingestion ) of immediate energy use of fuels such as electricity by families. Household tasks such as cooking, light etc were considered and private transport needs were categorized in 3 segments i.e. local traveling outstation domestic traveling, and outstation global travel.
Data like LPG consumption by families, Energy consumption information, calorific values, life cycle emission factors, and Global Warming Potential (GWP) values have been incorporated into the assessment tool.